A diabetic eye disease, also known as diabetic retinopathy, is an eye disease that affects people with diabetes. Globally, a third of adults aged 40 years and above with diabetes suffer from this disease.
If you have diabetes, it’s recommended to have regular eye exams to confirm you are safe from diabetic eye disease. At Cornea & Cataract Consultants, we offer extensive routine eye exams in Nashville, TN, and its environs. If you or your loved one has diabetes, visit us for a detailed examination and ensure your eyes are healthy.
Here is everything you should know about diabetic retinopathy.
What Causes Diabetes Eye Disease?
When you have diabetes, too much sugar can exert pressure on your eye blood vessels and damage them. Diabetic eye disease occurs when the blood vessels are damaged and leak or swell. In some cases, abnormal blood vessels can grow in your retina and affect your vision.
When not treated early, this disease can damage the nerve, which moves images from the eyes to the brain and causes glaucoma. Many people don’t know they suffer from the disease unless it reaches an advanced stage, so people with diabetes should have regular eye care exams.
What Are the Main Symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease?
Nearly 40 to 50% of diabetes patients experience diabetic retinopathy symptoms, although some people don’t notice them. The main symptoms include:
- Blurry vision
- Poor night vision
- Faded color appearance
- Translucent or white visual blockers
- Changing vision during the day
Talk to your ophthalmologist immediately when you experience any of the above signs.
What Are the Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetes is the leading risk factor for this eye disease. If you have diabetes or your family has a history of high sugar levels, go for an eye exam immediately. Other possible risk factors include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
- Poor control of high sugar levels
- Gestational diabetes
- Excess tobacco consumption
When untreated, the diabetic eye infection could result in glaucoma, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, or even total blindness. Contact an ophthalmologist if you suspect you could have a risk factor.
How Can You Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy?
You may not always prevent eye diseases, but you can observe a few practices to avoid the risks. Here are some of them:
- Manage diabetes through exercise and taking medications
- Monitor your sugar levels
- Quit or reduce tobacco
- Regularly go for eye exams
- Observe suspicious eye symptoms
Contact Us for Quality Eye Care Services in Nashville, TN
At Cornea & Cataract Consultants, our ophthalmologists are committed to helping you maintain your healthy eyes. We offer a wide range of eye care services to identify any issue affecting your vision and treat it before it’s too late. Contact our team today at (615) 320-7200 if you have questions, and schedule an appointment with our friendly team.